Walter Paulus is Chair and Clinical Director of the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Medical Centre Göttingen, Germany since 1992. He started his career in neurology at the University Hospital for Neurology in Düsseldorf in 1978, spent 6 months at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London and worked at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich from 1984 to 1992. He mainly investigated motor cortex physiology by means of transcranial stimulation, further refined by co-application of CNS-active drugs in altogether some 600 publications. He was involved in the development of new stimulation methods for induction of neuroplasticity such as tDCS, tACS and tRNS. His clinical focus encompasses Parkinson’s disease, restless legs syndrome, epilepsy and pain. He is president of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.